Where’s the Innovation?

Stats from Tom Friedman in an interview on MSNBC, regarding international patents from 1980 to 2000:

The 280 million citizens of Arab countries: 270 international patents
South Korea: 16,000 international patents
Hewlett-Packard: 11 international patents per day

Is there anyone who thinks this is insignificant?
What causes it?
How does it hurt these 280 million people?
Is so, how can it be remedied?